Always leave the bear an escape route. Be especially careful if you see a female with puppies; never stand between a mother and her cub, and never try to get close to them. The chances of suffering an attack increase considerably if they perceive you as a danger to their puppies. Black bears just don't like the smell of a man's hot meat; in fact, if any of them notice you, they're very likely to leave.
I've had bears snooping around in my camp before. Assuming that all your food is already safely stored and you don't have to scare it to protect your supplies, a perfectly valid option is to sit still and wait for the bear to leave. If you want to encourage the bear to leave, making a lot of noise is also an effective deterrent. If the bear is still staying, leaving the store and waving your arms while screaming will probably scare away most black bears.
In a well-protected camp, it's unlikely that bears will need to be sprayed (let alone a firearm). Contrary to what some people say, don't bury food scraps or garbage. Instead, store waste in bear-proof containers until you can pack it. If you are near a designated campground, make sure that the garbage cans you use are resistant to bears.
If a bear has acted aggressively against you, it's important to let the rangers know as soon as you finish the hike. If you see a bear and it runs away or ignores you, you can call the ranger and let them know that they usually like to keep an eye on bears.
The following tips and tricks are the result of my research on how to safely keep bears away while camping.In places where humans come into contact with nature and bears, they may be encouraged to approach humans in search of food. This will work most of the time, but the real problem is bears that are used to humans, especially those that have been fed by humans in the past or have found food in camps before.
If one of these bears is wandering around your site and doesn't act like they intend to leave without first finding something to eat, get out your bear spray, get out of the store, act big and keep screaming. Understanding the behavior of bears and recognizing the sign of the bear are important when hiking or camping in Bear Country. I've been in this situation several times and, in all cases, the animal (I've never seen it, so I can't confirm if it's a black bear) left after a minute or two. Most of the time, bears run away from you, and it's easy to safely hike and camp in Bear Country.
Learn outdoor skills, such as sailing, setting campfires, avoiding ticks and bears, and managing water while hiking. After seeing a bear, a common dynamic for me is to jump every time a squirrel rustles through the leaves or when a bird hits a leaf on a tree. In this post, you'll learn how to keep bears away while camping, from choosing the best campground, settling in safely, cooking, and caring for your pets. If you find yourself in a situation where there could be bears, keep your eyes open to see if there is bear activity when you go hiking.
Although black bears can become violent, bear fences are more suitable for places with polar bears and grizzly bears. If you're in your tent at night and you hear outside what you think a black bear is, the best thing to do is to do nothing. People around here (the Canadian Rockies) who walk with shotguns carry them with 3 different types of ammunition; the first round is just a bird shot, to shoot into the air as a warning shot; the second shot is a bullet, to pass the bear so that he can hear the ball whistle next to him; the rest of your rounds are all hollow-tipped bear plugs, to defeat the beast, because if the first two shots don't scare you if he leaves, nothing else will stop him. The main concept when camping is to remove all the scent from the camping area so that there is nothing interesting for a bear there.
But seriously, you're more likely to be struck by lightning than a black bear entering your store trying to harm you...